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1: Biological Diversity

Harvesting constraints and ecological attributes used to anchor retention

Harvesting constraints include anything that would prevent harvesting in that particular area such as a wetland, rock outcroppings, non-commerical brush, non (or low) merchantable timber, sensitive soil or terrain, ungulate winter range, wildlife habitat areas, old growth management areas, recreation features, etc. Ecological attributes or ...

Amount of windthrow

This indicator calculates the the average windthrow percentage for an opening or harvest area- Forest and Range Evaluation Program (FREP) Stand Level Biodiversity Resource Stewardship Monitoring (2006) (British Columbia)

Amount and type (size, species, and decay class) of course woody debris (cwd)

"Down and dead trees (CWD) serve as critical habitat for numerous flora and fauna. Flora use the microclimate
(moisture, shade, and nutrients) provided by CWD for establishing regeneration (Harmon et al., 1986). CWD provides
a diversity (stages of decay, size classes, and species) of habitat for fauna ranging from large mammals ...