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1.1 Ecosystem diversity

Fragmentation of forests

This indicator measures the level of fragmentation. It can be measured over a long time period (centuries) to take into account land clearing and land use change. It can also record
and contrast change within forested areas in conservation reserves, multiple-use public forests and private forests in the shorter term (decades).

Harvesting constraints and ecological attributes used to anchor retention

Harvesting constraints include anything that would prevent harvesting in that particular area such as a wetland, rock outcroppings, non-commerical brush, non (or low) merchantable timber, sensitive soil or terrain, ungulate winter range, wildlife habitat areas, old growth management areas, recreation features, etc. Ecological attributes or ...

Amount of windthrow

This indicator calculates the the average windthrow percentage for an opening or harvest area- Forest and Range Evaluation Program (FREP) Stand Level Biodiversity Resource Stewardship Monitoring (2006) (British Columbia)