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Extent to which the legal framework encourages best practice codes for forest management

Description: 

“Sustainable forest management laws and regulations are put in place to try and ensure the best use of forest resources in order to meet economic needs, ecological requirements and societal desires. When companies or governments who are working with a resource do not abide by those laws, regulations or practices, it limits the effectiveness of sustainable forest management. This indicator complements indicator 6.5.4, which examines the development of new standards or the update of old standards, and indicator 6.5.3, which examines investment in forest research to support standards.” Canadian Council of Forest Ministers (2003)

Rationale: 

The correct wording for this indicator is: "Extent to which the legal framework (laws, regulations, guidelines) supports the conservation and sustainable management of forests, including the extent to which it encourages best practice codes for forest management"

"Codes of practice indicate a commitment to compliance with environmental management systems and continuous improvement in forest management practices." The State of Victoria (2005)

"In the United States, best practice codes represent an integration of technically effective, economically wise, and politically palatable forest practices considered
necessary for sustaining forest conditions and values. These codes are commonly identified by terms such as "forest practice guidelines" and "best management
practices." When implemented on public forests, best practice codes are applied directly (required) by forest administrators, whereas their application on private
forests is encouraged by a variety of programs, including education, technical assistance, tax incentives, fiscal incentives, and regulatory requirements (a mixture of different types of programs has proven to be most effective). Best practice codes are often monitored to determine their rate of application and effectiveness." USDA Forest Service (2004)

Methods: 

“Data: Narrative report that addresses the extent to which the legal framework addresses periodic forest-related planning, assessment, and policy review that recognizes the range of forest values, including coordination with relevant sectors, at regional level.
Should be considered in conjunction with reports against other indicators under Criterion 7.
Methods: Evaluation of legislation and management plans.” Indicator 7.1b, Commonwealth of Australia (1998)

Report: Legislative requirement to apply codes of practice used in forests by tenure (2003); Range of content themes in codes of practice used in forests* (2003; Range of content themes in codes of practice used in forests* (2003); - The State of Victoria (2005)

Use: 

Montreal Process
Commonwealth of Australia
The State of Victoria
USDA Forest Service

Reports: 

Victoria's State of the Forests Report
Australia's State of the Forests Report 2003
USDA Forest Service: National Report on Sustainable Forests-2003