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4.3: Water

Significant discharges to water by type of effluent or waste (pulp mills, etc.)

This indicator examines the pollutants released into water by the forest sector. It is generally restricted to industrial facilities, and is therefore only relevant to vertically integrated forestry companies.

Percentage of water bodies with significant variation in pH, dissolved O2, electrical conductivity, sedimentation, temp

"Generally, high T, low DO, high EC, low pH, and high SED are indicators of the major problems affecting aquatic systems." USDA Forest Service (2004)

“Sedimentation refers to the transport and deposition of soil, sand or rock material detached by erosion. In boreal forests sedimentation associated with erosion from roads, especially ...