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3: Maintenance of ecosystem health and vitality

Scale and impact of changes in soil acidity in productive forests

In natural ecosystems, the acidification of soils is a gradual process.

Australia’s soils are old and highly weathered and can be naturally quite acidic, both at the surface and deep in the profile; surface and subsoil acidity occurs in all Australian states and territories and affects an area up to nine times that affected by dryland ...

Area and percent of forest affected by abiotic agents (e.g., fire, storm, land clearance) beyond reference conditions

This indicator analyzes and reports the area of forest affected by abiotic agents (e.g. fire, wind, climate change, land clearance, salinisation, mining, drought, river regulation) beyond reference conditions.