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...the legal framework provides for the management of forests to conserve environmental, cultural, social, scientific values


"This indicator is designed to provide an analysis of the legal framework through data collected for other indicators." The State of Victoria (2005)

"Forests often possess unique or otherwise special social, cultural, scientific, and environmental values. Formal legal mechanisms are often needed to protect
those values from certain uses and activities. Since the values to be protected are often large in number and wide in scope, the resulting legal framework is
frequently complicated and many times broadly dispersed among Federal, State, and local governments." USDA Forest Service (2004)


The correct wording of this indicator is: "Extent to which the legal framework (laws, regulations, guidelines) supports the conservation and sustainable management of forests, including the extent to which it provides for the management of forests to conserve special environmental, cultural, social and/or scientific values"

"This indicator provides for qualitative and quantitative measurement of the legal framework to include special environmental, cultural, social and/or scientific values in forest management; including the recognition and inclusion of Indigenous perspective’s and value systems. It allows for Indigenous selfdetermination
through the articulation of values by Indigenous people." The State of Victoria (2005)

"This indicator concerns the involvement of Indigenous peoples in the planning and
management of forests so as to consider the special values of importance to them. It covers several levels from Commonwealth legislation to Indigenous management of their own lands." Commonwealth of Australia (2003)

"Legal capacity for conserving special forest values is driven by societal interest in various sets of values, most often involving amenity values (nature, scenery,
lifestyle), environmental quality values (air, water), ecological values (biological diversity, endangered species), public use values (recreation, tourism), commodity
values (timber, range, forage, water, minerals), and spiritual values (reverence for forests)." USDA Forest Service (2004)


Summarize federal, state, and private landowner laws that allow management to conserve environmental, cultural, social, scientific values.

"Federal laws focus on the conservation of special values), involving restricted use or set-aside laws (e.g., wilderness designation), procedural and administrative laws (e.g., environmental impact statement review), fish and wildlife conservation laws (e.g., fisheries’ restoration), cultural and recreational laws (e.g., archeological site protection), forestry and forest resource laws (e.g., management of Federal forests), and pollution control and prevention laws (e.g., pesticide management)." USDA Forest Service (2004)


Montreal Process
Commonwealth of Australia
The State of Victoria
USDA Forest Service


Victoria's State of the Forests Report
Australia's State of the Forests Report 2003
USDA Forest Service: National Report on Sustainable Forests-2003